MK ULTRA PROJECT : History of MK-ULTRA. CIA program on Mind Control

III. History of MK-ULTRA. CIA program on Mind Control.

– Started
during WWII with research on hypnosis for interrogation, secure courier duties,
and reducing fatigue. Also research into effects of primitive drugs like
barbiturates and cannabis as far as drug-assisted interrogation goes.

– George
Estabrooks was the leading proponent of hypnosis as the be-all and end-all of
manipulating peoples minds. His book, ‘Hypnotism’, published in the early
forties, has been decried as too fantastic and improbable in terms of
describing the capabilities of hypnosis with certain very suggestible subjects,
but his arguments and examples remain valid to this day.

admitted in 1971 to creating hypnotic couriers and programmed multiple
personalities for Military Intelligence purposes in this 1971 Science Digest article.

– Start of
Cold War and Korean War in particular gave a big boost to mind control research
with the emergence of ‘Brain Washing’ as a common term. Supposedly a
development of the dastardly Chi-Coms, the term was actually coined by a
magazine writer later found to be on the CIA payroll as an agent of influence.
Postulating a ‘brainwashing gap’ The CIA got the go-ahead for research into
countering communist mind control efforts and developing their own to aid in
the espionage wars.

– Hypnosis,
drugs, and psycho-surgery; separately and combined, were the tools of this
quest for the ultimate truth serum on the one hand, and the capability to
create an agent who could not have his or her mission tortured out of them, or
even be aware that they were carrying secret information given to them in an
altered state of consciousness. More and more sophisticated drugs were
experimented with, such as LSD, Ketamine, and Psilocybine. Lobotomy and the
implantation of electrodes were considered as methods for creating a compliant
agent. Electro-Convulsive Shock, combined with LSD, sedation for days at a
time, and constantly replaying the patient’s own voice through helmet-mounted
headphones was a notorious Canadian researcher’s recipe for mind control.

– One of the
most remarkable cases of mind control involves a famous model of the late 40’s
and 50’s named Candy Jones. In the book, “The Control of Candy Jones”
the author reviewed hours of tapes made by Candy Jones and her husband which
revealed a systematic program to create and manipulate alter personalities as
the foundation for programmed couriers resistant to torture, where the primary
personality would not even be aware of the secret information being carried.
The information could be summoned forth via a post-hypnotic command or response
to a pre-programmed cue.

– Research
continued into early 70’s by CIA’s own admission during the Church hearings.
John Marks, author of the best study of CIA mind control experiments, makes the
subtle differentiation that the CIA congressional witnesses might truthfully
say that all research done by the TSS Directorate had ended, since the programs
were moved into other areas once operational techniques had been developed.
Many of the names mentioned in reference to mind control research turn up in
the few references to supposed dead-end research in ESP.

There have been persistent rumors of Navy research involving attempts at
telepathy from submarines under water, the Nautilus being the most famous of
these. Detection of enemy submarines, and communicating with our own, has
continued to be an important area of conventional research for the Navy, so it
is no surprise that researching the use of ESP for these purposes would be of
interest. Communicating with a submerged submarine is the only kind of
communications where the very act of receiving puts the receiver in danger,
since submarines must normally stick an antenna out of the water for high speed
radio traffic, or rely on trailing a long wire antenna under water relatively
near the surface to receive very slow speed traffic using ELF radio waves.
Newer techniques may involve the use of blue-green wavelength lasers, but
evidently penetration to any depth is still a problem.

you look at telepathy as a problem in the transfer of information in a very
noisy environment, then certain existing solutions suggest themselves: There
have already been experiments in the transmission of five distinct symbols via
telepathy, namely Zener card symbols. I suggest that there is already a way of
transmitting information using two symbols only, namely Morse Code. Current ELF
or VLF radio transmission methods for communicating with fleet ballistic missle
submarines to issue them their launch orders involve very low data transfer
rates, on the order of 3 to 30 bits per minute, if I am not mistaken. Messages
are very short, consisting of pre-formulated action or targeting codes. I
suggest that telepathic ‘Zener Morse’ is an operational technique for
information transfer under severe signal to noise conditions. In fact the use
of five Zener symbols would increase data transfer rates, but at the expense of
a higher error rate due to the problems in discriminating between five and just
two symbols.

IV. Current Developments and Reports.

– Reports of Project SCANNATE
in 70’s, most likely done by Swann, since his
method for RV is very similar to that reportedly used in this project; namely
providing lat. & long. coords and telling what is there. Later changed to
assigning random number for unique session number and Swann picked up location

– “The
New Age Army:” Over the past 10 – 15 years a number of military personnel,
most in significant positions in Military Intelligence, have expressed interest
in and directed programs or projects that have explored paranormal activities
and capabilities. Several government studies on Enhancing Human Performance
took place during this time. Most, if not all of them, were savaged in the NRC
study on Enhancing Human Performance, but recent critiques and rebuttals of
this study have indicated severe irregularities in the evaluation procedures
for papers submitted to the NRC study, suppression of favorable results, and a
definitely one-sided evaluation panel.

– Much
modern research in parapsychology tends to support the idea that Enhanced
Perception is a survival-related trait from our distant past, not the tip of
the iceberg as far as new emerging human powers go. This is supported by the
observation that many psychic episodes center around catastrophic or traumatic
events. Studies of Siberian and Eskimo shamans also show the development of ESP
or similar shamanic powers due to injury, exposure to cold, and isolation.
Dissociation with tendencies towards Multiple Personality Disorder also occurs
in these Shamans due to their ordeals. This is in contrast to the experiences
of most tropical shamans who tend to find their powers through exposure to
mind-altering drugs.

The Vietnam
war, with its exceedingly stressful combat environment of no clear-cut enemies
combined with ambush being the normal way of making contact, produced a large
body of individual reports stressing enhanced perception and awareness. This
showed up as detecting ambushes and booby-traps before they were sprung;
detecting the presence of enemy soldiers without any conscious sign of them;
time dilation when bullets could be seen slowly traveling around the
battlefield, and even reports of soldiers avoiding those bullets by jumping out
of their paths as they were shot at.

Dr. Ian
Wickramasekera of Eastern Virginia Medical School has studied the expansion of
sensory input during trauma which would lead to time dilation, etc. This
gentleman has also studied the effects of sensory deprivation on hypnotic
susceptibility in young women.

In a recent
article in U.S. News & World Report, John Gittinger, a CIA psychologist
associated with a CIA front organization, the Human Ecology Society admitted to
knowledge of experiments in developing ESP by giving electric shocks to
subjects when they gave wrong answers.

– Recently,
a Russian researcher in psychotronics, Dr. Igor Smirnov, has helped to start up
a new Virginia company, called Psycho-Technologies, I believe. It is supposed
to conduct research on various kinds of LTL technology, with a concentration on
Soviet-developed psychotronic warfare capabilities involving the use of
electromagnetic and sonic waves to influence and disable individuals or crowds.
Supposedly this ranges from simply falling to influencing peoples thoughts via
audio or visual subliminal messages.

V. Some of the players:

– The
Monroe Institute, located near Charlottesville, Virginia. Bob Monroe, author of
many books on Out of Body experiences, has long and close ties with the C.I.A.
James Monroe, Bob’s father, if I’m not mistaken, was involved with the Human
Ecology Society, a C.I.A. front organization of the late 50’s and 60’s. The
Monroe Institute has done research on accelerated learning and foreign language
learning through the use of altered states of consciousness for the C.I.A. and
other government organizations. Government interest in the more radical
research going on at the institute remains only tantalizing speculation.
Official classified document storage boxes have been seen at their mail-order
outlet located in Lovingston, VA.

– Albert Stubblebine and John
Alexander. Both retired Army officers, a General and Colonel respectively. Both
worked at U.S. Army Intelligence & Security Command, or INSCOM, Stubblebine
as its head at one time. Stubblebine has publicly stated that an enlisted man
under his command inadvertently ‘mentally fried’ an intelligence gathering
computer located in Augsberg Germany. This was Lynn Buchanan, discussed later.

Alexander wrote the rebuttal
to the NRC paper on Enhancing Human Performance. He used this rebuttal as the
basis for a book he co-authored called “The Warrior’s Edge” which
describes various techniques for enhancing performance and perception utilizing
the power of the mind. Alexander currently heads up research on Less Than
Lethal weapons at Los Alamos Nation Laboratories.

– Jack Houk, Aerospace
Engineer, and his Spoon bending parties, done for last 12 – 15 years.
Stubblebine, Alexander, and others have attended and hosted these parties.
While even Houk admits that much of the bending activity that occurs is due to
hysterical strength, people getting excited, etc. there are always a few really
perplexing feats of bending at each party. Curled and twisted hacksaw blades
comes to mind, since these normally snap if they are bent.

– Ed Dames and PSI-TECH,
Military Intelligence alumni as contract RV’ers. Promises to provide RV
services to corporate and government clients for $5,000 – $8,000 per week. Has
supposedly spotted Iraqi chemical weapons depots, among others.

– S.A.I.C. involvement in 1993
American Parapsychological Association meeting arrangements, via their
‘Cognitive Sciences Laboratory’. Science Applications International Corporation
is a big time defense contractor, has held the largest number of research
contracts of any defense contractor. Bobby Ray Inman is on its board of
directors, among others.

– Startup of TREAT, Center for
Treatment and Research into Experienced Anomalous Trauma, by Rima Leibow.
Leibow is a psychiatrist who started studying trauma associated with alien
abductions, noting its similarities to PTSD. She has hosted open and closed
meetings for the past six years. Leibow is a close friend of/ or married to
Stubblebine, which certainly raises some interesting questions. Another
abduction researcher and friend is Victoria Lacas, who happens to be married to

– One other TREAT hanger-on,
and friend of Stubblebine’s, is Lynn Buchanan. Buchanan offers services similar
to PSI-TECH and has worked with Ed Dames on a contract basis. He taught a
Remote Viewing workshop at the latest TREAT conference. Also offers continued
training in RV skills to those whom he decides to work with. Veteran of INSCOM,
and the famous ‘computer frier’ mentioned by Stubblebine.

– A real mystery man in all of
this is C.B. Scott Jones: Ex-Navy Intelligence officer, one time aide to
Senator Claiborne Pell, founder of the Human Potential Foundation; Jones
appears to have his fingers in every ‘weird’ pie around. He has been involved
with several UFO research organizations, dolphin-human communications research,
served on the boards of several scholarly parapsychological research
organizations. Jones strikes many people as a ‘Cardinal Richelieu’ figure,
manipulating events behind the scenes, but rarely emerging into the spotlight.

There is literally no
conference on parapsychology that he does not attend. He has traveled and done
research with Alexander and Rima Leibow. He works at keeping very well informed
about the ‘pulse’ of the New Age community and about UFO and parapsychological
research in particular. He rarely writes anything for print, but keeps in contact
with many of the players in the fields. He has presented papers to many
conferences, most of the examples I have seen are complex, lengthy, and
elaborate pieces of dis-information which leave the listeners more confused
than when he started. This is an individual who bears watching.

VI. The
by Martin Cannon.

One of the
better discussions of current government mind control research is “The
Controllers” by Martin Cannon. This monograph, over sixty pages in length,
makes an excellent case that some alien abduction reports are merely the
results of screen memories created by government researchers to cover up their
mind control activities. The recurring problem, mentioned many times in John
Mark’s book “The Search for the Manchurian Candidate”, has been the
difficulty in finding subjects that would not discuss their participation in
secret experiments after they were completed. Military personnel could be
ordered not to, assuming they remembered any details of their experience.
Involuntary or civilian subjects could not be handled so easily.

Cannon makes
a good case for the creation of screen memories as a way to handle the
“experiment termination” problem. If total amnesia was introduced,
subjects would have lost time to account for, and the human mind is resilient
enough to try to fill in the details in such an obvious gap. Furnishing screen
memories of alien abductions tends to: A. fill that gap, B. test the
effectiveness of techniques for creating screen memories, and C. steer the
subject away from discussing their experiences due to the ridiculous nature of
their “memories”.

going into too much detail, Cannon makes a good case for his hypothesis, based
on anachronistic and out of character features found in many abduction
accounts. He has a mass of supporting evidence demonstrating the current state
of research being easily capable of generating such screen memories with the
use of drug-augmented hypnosis. Current miniaturization of Virtual Reality gear
means that a person could be presented with convincing images and sounds of
alien beings and spaceships, all while under the effects of
hallucinogenic/sedative/psychomimetic drugs. An interesting portion of Cannon’s
monograph deals with the recurring mixture of references to psychic phenomena
and military involvement in many abduction cases. This work is well worth

VII. Putting It All Together in the Land of Speculation.

I have tried
to show that there has been continued interest in “Extended
Perception” and other psychic phenomena by varied government agencies.
Their interest in mind-control is well documented and extremely unsettling. In
order to go any further it is necessary to recap some key factors to remember
about ESP-related psychic phenomena and mind control:

– “ESP”, for lack of a better term, appears to be a
survival-related holdover from more primitive times which tends to emerge at
times of physical or mental stress or trauma. Severe trauma is also associated
with dissociation and its extreme form, MPD. Stress-induced dissociation and
personality fracturing was studied extensively during the MK-ULTRA program.

– ESP tends to appear in certain personality types, which are also
associated with high levels of creativity and empathy, a tendency towards
dissociation, and high levels of hypnotic susceptibility. You might guess that
these individuals do not seem to flock to military or government service! The
occurrence of ESP also depends on belief in and prior occurrence of ESP.

– The very existence of effective RV and PK capabilities would
certainly be a national security issue, given the ramifications for the
intelligence and military communities. There would be a vested interest in
dissuading the general population from belief in these abilities, since belief
is a critical component of the ability. This accounts for the confusing,
contradictory, and disparaging flood of information from official and
semi-official sources as to existence and legitimacy of research into ESP and
related areas.

– There would be a strong desire for secrecy in any research,
development, or operational deployment of these abilities. Obviously, locating
“natural talents” would be quite important, since rogue RV’ers might
trip over secrets they were not meant to have, or be coerced into working for
other criminal groups or foreign intelligence services.

– There is compelling evidence that mind control research continues
and operational techniques have been developed. Some percentage of “alien
abduction” cases suggest instead that they are the results of memory
manipulation instead. A subset of those cases involve military intelligence
personnel and psychic phenomena.

This leads
me to my final speculation:

– The
“ideal” C.I.A. (N.S.A./O.N.I. etc., etc.) psychic talent would
probably not be found in government or military ranks. This would necessitate
locating these talents in some other fashion, most likely through New Age
conferences, psychic workshops, or talent spotting at New Age festivals such as
Starwood, or the Pagan Spirit Gathering.

– Since this
talent would most likely be a civilian, not cleared for classified materials,
it would be best if they did not even know they were being contacted by C.I.A.
personnel, nor would it be desirable for them to remember any information
developed through psychic means and passed on to our intelligence agencies. The
ability to induce amnesia through chemical and hypnotic means and to create
screen memories to cover activities during these amnesiac periods has been

– Severe
stress and trauma has been shown to both improve psychic abilities and induce
dissociation, sometimes leading to MPD. The use of alternate personalities to
keep classified information secure has been documented.

– I believe
that it is entirely possible to locate potential psychic talents and develop
them into the equivalent of “Remote Viewing Robots” through the use
of drugs, hypnosis, sensory deprivation, and severe psychological and physical
trauma, otherwise known as torture. I believe that at first, these individuals
might not know the full extent of their abuses and exploitation due to the
current capabilities of mind control. Depending on their family circumstances,
such individuals might simply disappear, or their experiences might be masked
as alien abductions or other supposedly improbable events such as satanistic
ritual abuse. I believe that our government has the means and the motivation to
carry out such activities, and they certainly have the opportunity to do so.

I have
attached an annotated bibliography to this presentation. A larger bibliography
is available by E-mail if you are interested.